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How Does a Boiler Work?

Understanding Different Types of Heating Oil Boilers

boiler new jersey There are two main types of heating oil boilers found in New Jersey homes: a steam boiler, most often found in older homes, and the modern, and more energy-efficient, hot water boiler. Steam boilers require special safety precautions because of the temperature of the steam (the water must be heated to 212°F). As a result, it is vitally important to follow a regular maintenance schedule.

Your boiler extracts heat from heating oil as it burns; this heats the water (or creates steam) that will run through the zones that are calling for heat. The heat is delivered through your radiators or baseboards.

The problem is that some heat (as much as 30% in some older boiler models) will be lost as exhaust, which means you are paying a lot of money for heat that will never reach your living space. See how much you could save with a new boiler installation.

How Do Condensing Heating Oil Boilers Work?

A more efficient version of the hot water boiler is the condensing boiler, which is designed to keep heat loss to a minimum. By recycling heat from the exhaust process – and by operating at lower temperatures overall – your condensing boiler can improve operating efficiency by 10-15% compared to a non-condensing boiler.

However, a condensing boiler is not practical for all homes. Plus, condensing boilers cost more to manufacture. Installing a condensing boiler correctly requires highly trained technicians who know how to capitalize on the efficiency benefits of these sophisticated heating oil systems.

Maintaining Your Heating Oil Boiler

Regular maintenance is a vital money-saving investment for heating systems– not just because it can keep your equipment running safely and at peak efficiency, but also because four out of five heating system breakdowns are preventable if you follow the manufacturer’s maintenance recommendations.

A system tune-up allows your heating oil technician to fix minor issues before they become big problems (worn parts, etc.). Regular tune-ups can also help you conserve heating fuel over the winter.

Your professional heating oil technician will conduct a series of tests to make sure your heating system is running at the best possible efficiency. Any adjustments and repairs can be done after this initial evaluation.

When to Replace Your Boiler: 5 Warning Signs

Like any piece of equipment, your boiler will eventually have to be replaced one day. Here are five signs that will help you determine if a replacement system is in your future.

  1. Age. If your boiler’s age is close to 20 years old–or older–you’ll save money on your annual heating costs by replacing it with a new, more efficient system. New heating oil boilers heat your home using significantly less energy compared to older generation equipment.
  2. Signs of Corrosion. Just like your water heater, if you see outward signs of rust on your boiler, time is running out. If your boiler is corroding, a professional inspection may also reveal damage to piping or other boiler components.
  3. Your Comfort Levels. Is your old boiler keeping you warm enough? A properly working heating oil boiler should keep you comfortable even on the coldest New Jersey nights, but a boiler’s operating performance diminishes with the passage of time.
  4. Your Heating Costs Continue to Rise. Your boiler’s efficiency slowly degrades the older it gets. Lower efficiency means higher heating costs. Add in a higher number of repairs for an old system and this is another strong sign that you would do well to let go of your old heating oil boiler and upgrade to a new one.
  5. Diminished Hot Water Production. If you depend on your boiler to heat your domestic hot water—and you’re not getting as much hot water as before–this could be a sign of a leaking or corroded coil on the boiler, a warning of potential boiler failure.

Today’s Heating Oil Systems Are Highly Efficient

The latest heating oil boilers (as well as heating oil furnaces) are small, sophisticated and super-efficient and can save you 20% or more on your annual heating costs. There are many different equipment options to fit your budget and full-service heating oil companies have expertise in all types and models of heating oil equipment.

To see how you can save on heating costs with a new, high-heating oil boiler, reach out to your nearby New Jersey heating oil company. You may be pleasantly surprised at how much you could save year-over-year on heating expenses. To save even more money, ask your heating oil company about New Jersey heating oil equipment rebates.